Article | Published:

Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl rhodium(III)–chiral disulfonate hybrid catalysis for enantioselective C–H bond functionalization

Nature Catalysisvolume 1pages585591 (2018) | Download Citation

Abstract

Though Cp*Rh(iii) complexes are prominent and versatile catalysts for C–H bond functionalization reactions, catalytic stereocontrol is difficult due to the lack of vacant coordination sites. Here, we report a hybrid strategy for inducing chirality without using previously reported chiral Cpx ligands. A preformed hybrid catalyst, [Cp*RhLN][6,6′-Br-(S)-BINSate], catalysed C–H activation and subsequent conjugate addition of 2-phenylpyridine derivatives to enones in good yield and enantioselectivity (enantiomeric ratio up to 95:5). In addition to 2-phenylpyridines, the conjugate addition of 6-arylpurines proceeded with an enantiomeric ratio of up to 91:9 using [Cp*RhLN][(R)-SPISate]. The results demonstrate that a chiral organic anion can efficiently control the enantioselectivity of Cp*Rh(iii)-catalysed C–H bond functionalization without a chiral Cpx ligand.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Additional information

Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

References

  1. 1.

    Trost, B. M. The atom economy—a search for synthetic efficiency. Science 254, 1471–1477 (1991).

  2. 2.

    Wender, P. A. & Miller, B. L. Synthesis at the molecular frontier. Nature 460, 197–201 (2009).

  3. 3.

    Satoh, T. & Miura, M. Oxidative coupling of aromatic substrates with alkynes and alkenes under rhodium catalysis. Chem. Eur. J. 16, 11212–11222 (2010).

  4. 4.

    McMurray, L., O’Hara, F. & Gaunt, M. J. Recent developments in natural product synthesis using metal-catalysed C–H bond functionalisation. Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 1885–1898 (2011).

  5. 5.

    Song, G., Wang, F. & Li, X. C–C, C–O and C–N bond formation via rhodium(III)-catalyzed oxidative C–H activation. Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 3651–3678 (2012).

  6. 6.

    Kuhl, N., Schröder, N. & Glorius, F. Formal SN-type reactions in rhodium(III)-catalyzed C–H bond activation. Adv. Synth. Catal. 356, 1443–1460 (2014).

  7. 7.

    Song, G. & Li, X. Substrate activation strategies in rhodium(III)-catalyzed selective functionalization of arenes. Acc. Chem. Res. 48, 1007–1020 (2015).

  8. 8.

    Ye, B. & Cramer, N. Chiral cyclopentadienyls: enabling ligands for asymmetric Rh(III)-catalyzed C–H functionalizations. Acc. Chem. Res. 48, 1308–1318 (2015).

  9. 9.

    Moselage, M., Li, J. & Ackermann, L. Cobalt-catalyzed C–H activation. ACS Catal. 6, 498–525 (2016).

  10. 10.

    Gensch, T., Hopkinson, M. N., Glorius, F. & Wencel-Delord, J. Mild metal-catalyzed C–H activation: examples and concepts. Chem. Soc. Rev. 45, 2900–2936 (2016).

  11. 11.

    Yoshino, T. & Matsunaga, S. (Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)cobalt(III)-catalyzed C–H bond functionalization: from discovery to unique reactivity and selectivity. Adv. Synth. Catal. 359, 1245–1262 (2017).

  12. 12.

    Wang, S., Chen, S.-Y. & Yu, X.-Q. C–H functionalization by high-valent Cp*Co(III) catalysis. Chem. Commun. 53, 3165–3180 (2017).

  13. 13.

    He, J., Wasa, M., Chan, K. S. L., Shao, Q. & Yu, J.-Q. Palladium-catalyzed transformations of alkyl C–H bonds. Chem. Rev. 117, 8754–8786 (2017).

  14. 14.

    Newton, C. G., Wang, S.-G., Oliveira, C. C. & Cramer, N. Catalytic enantioselective transformations involving C–H bond cleavage by transition-metal complexes. Chem. Rev. 117, 8908–8976 (2017).

  15. 15.

    Hummel, J. R., Boerth, J. A. & Ellman, J. A. Transition-metal-catalyzed C–H bond addition to carbonyls, imines, and related polarized π bonds. Chem. Rev. 117, 9163–9227 (2017).

  16. 16.

    Dong, Z., Ren, Z., Thompson, S. J., Xu, Y. & Dong, G. Transition-metal-catalyzed C–H alkylation using alkenes. Chem. Rev. 117, 9333–9403 (2017).

  17. 17.

    Ueura, K., Satoh, T. & Miura, M. Rhodium- and iridium-catalyzed oxidative coupling of benzoic acids with alkynes via regioselective C−H bond cleavage. J. Org. Chem. 72, 5362–5367 (2007).

  18. 18.

    Kang, T., Kim, Y., Lee, D., Wang, Z. & Chang, S. Iridium-catalyzed intermolecular amidation of sp3 C–H bonds: late-stage functionalization of an unactivated methyl group. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 4141–4144 (2014).

  19. 19.

    Gwon, D., Park, S. & Chang, S. Dual role of carboxylic acid additive: mechanistic studies and implication for the asymmetric C–H amidation. Tetrahedron 71, 4504–4511 (2015).

  20. 20.

    Newton, C. G., Kossler, D. & Cramer, N. Asymmetric catalysis powered by chiral cyclopentadienyl ligands. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3935–3941 (2016).

  21. 21.

    Ye, B. & Cramer, N. Chiral cyclopentadienyl ligands as stereocontrolling element in asymmetric C–H functionalization. Science 338, 504–506 (2012).

  22. 22.

    Ye, B. & Cramer, N. A tunable class of chiral Cp ligands for enantioselective rhodium(III)-catalyzed C–H allylations of benzamides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 636–639 (2013).

  23. 23.

    Sun, Y. & Cramer, N. Rhodium(III)-catalyzed enantiotopic C−H activation enables access to P-chiral cyclic phosphinamides. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 364–367 (2017).

  24. 24.

    Jang, Y. S., Dieckmann, M. & Cramer, N. Cooperative effects between chiral Cpx-iridium(III) catalysts and chiral carboxylic acids in enantioselective C−H amidations of phosphine oxides. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 15088–15092 (2017).

  25. 25.

    Zheng, J., Cui, W.-J., Zheng, C. & You, S.-L. Synthesis and application of chiral spiro Cp ligands in rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric oxidative coupling of biaryl compounds with alkenes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 5242–5245 (2016).

  26. 26.

    Zheng, J., Wang, S.-B., Zheng, C. & You, S.-L. Asymmetric synthesis of spiropyrazolones by rhodium-catalyzed C(sp2)−H functionalization/annulation reactions. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 4540–4544 (2017).

  27. 27.

    Jia, Z.-J. et al. General enantioselective C−H activation with efficiently tunable cyclopentadienyl ligands. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 2429–2434 (2017).

  28. 28.

    Hyster, T. K., Knörr, L., Ward, T. R. & Rovis, T. Biotinylated Rh(III) complexes in engineered streptavidin for accelerated asymmetric C–H activation. Science 338, 500–503 (2012).

  29. 29.

    Kossler, D. & Cramer, N. Neutral chiral cyclopentadienyl Ru(II)Cl catalysts enable enantioselective [2+2]-cycloadditions. Chem. Sci. 8, 1862–1866 (2017).

  30. 30.

    Wang, S.-G., Park, S. H. & Cramer, N. A readily accessible class of chiral Cp ligands and their application in RuII-catalyzed enantioselective syntheses of dihydrobenzoindoles. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57, 5459–5462 (2018).

  31. 31.

    Shao, Z. & Zhang, H. Combining transition metal catalysis and organocatalysis: a broad new concept for catalysis. Chem. Soc. Rev. 38, 2745–2755 (2009).

  32. 32.

    Phipps, R. J., Hamilton, G. L. & Toste, F. D. The progression of chiral anions from concepts to applications in asymmetric catalysis. Nat. Chem. 4, 603–614 (2012).

  33. 33.

    Du, Z. & Shao, Z. Combining transition metal catalysis and organocatalysis—an update. Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 1337–1378 (2013).

  34. 34.

    Inamdar, S. M., Shinde, V. S. & Patil, N. T. Enantioselective cooperative catalysis. Org. Biomol. Chem. 13, 8116–8162 (2015).

  35. 35.

    Qin, Y., Zhu, L. & Luo, S. Organocatalysis in inert C–H bond functionalization. Chem. Rev. 117, 9433–9520 (2017).

  36. 36.

    Smalley, A. P., Cuthbertson, J. D. & Gaunt, M. J. Palladium-catalyzed enantioselective C–H activation of aliphatic amines using chiral anionic binol-phosphoric acid ligands. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 1412–1415 (2017).

  37. 37.

    Lapointe, D. & Fagnou, K. Overview of the mechanistic work on the concerted metallation–deprotonation pathway. Chem. Lett. 39, 1118–1126 (2010).

  38. 38.

    Davies, D. L., Macgregor, S. A. & McMullin, C. L. Computational studies of carboxylate-assisted C–H activation and functionalization at group 8–10 transition metal centers. Chem. Rev. 117, 8649–8709 (2017).

  39. 39.

    Chai, Z. & Rainey, T. J. Pd(II)/Brønsted acid catalyzed enantioselective allylic C–H activation for the synthesis of spirocyclic rings. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 3615–3618 (2012).

  40. 40.

    Wang, P.-S., Lin, H.-C., Zhai, Y.-J., Han, Z.-Y. & Gong, L.-Z. Chiral counteranion strategy for asymmetric oxidative C(sp3)–H/C(sp3)–H coupling: enantioselective α-allylation of aldehydes with terminal alkenes. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53, 12218–12221 (2014).

  41. 41.

    Zell, D., Bursch, M., Müller, V., Grimme, S. & Ackermann, L. Full selectivity control in cobalt(III)‐catalyzed C−H alkylations by switching of the C−H activation mechanism. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 10378–10382 (2017).

  42. 42.

    Hatano, M., Maki, T., Moriyama, K., Arinobe, M. & Ishihara, K. Pyridinium 1,1’-binaphthyl-2,2’-disulfonates as highly effective chiral Brønsted acid–base combined salt catalysts for enantioselective Mannich-type reaction. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16858–16860 (2008).

  43. 43.

    Hatano, M. & Ishihara, K. Chiral 1,1′-binaphthyl-2,2′-disulfonic acid (BINSA) and its derivatives for asymmetric catalysis. Asian J. Org. Chem. 3, 352–365 (2014).

  44. 44.

    Jerphagnon, T., Pizzuti, M. G., Minnaard, A. J. & Feringa, B. L. Recent advances in enantioselective copper-catalyzed 1,4-addition. Chem. Soc. Rev. 38, 1039–1075 (2009).

  45. 45.

    Edwards, H. J., Hargrave, J. D., Penrose, S. D. & Frost, C. G. Synthetic applications of rhodium catalysed conjugate addition. Chem. Soc. Rev. 39, 2093–2105 (2010).

  46. 46.

    Yang, L., Correia, C. A. & Li, C.-J. Rhodium-catalyzed C–H activation and conjugate addition under mild conditions. Org. Biomol. Chem. 9, 7176–7179 (2011).

  47. 47.

    Yang, L., Qian, B. & Huang, H. Brønsted acid enhanced rhodium-catalyzed conjugate addition of aryl C–H bonds to α,β-unsaturated ketones under mild conditions. Chem. Eur. J. 18, 9511–9515 (2012).

  48. 48.

    Potter, T. J., Kamber, D. N., Mercado, B. Q. & Ellman, J. A. Rh(III)-catalyzed aryl and alkenyl C–H bond addition to diverse nitroalkenes. ACS Catal. 7, 150–153 (2017).

  49. 49.

    Yoshino, T., Ikemoto, H., Matsunaga, S. & Kanai, M. A cationic high-valent Cp*CoIII complex for the catalytic generation of nucleophilic organometallic species: directed C–H bond activation. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52, 2207–2211 (2013).

  50. 50.

    Li, J. et al. Mild cobalt(III)-catalyzed C–H hydroarylation of conjugated C=C/C=O bonds. Adv. Synth. Catal. 359, 1717–1724 (2017).

  51. 51.

    Zhang, Z., Han, S., Tang, M., Ackermann, L. & Li, J. C–H alkylations of (hetero)arenes by maleimides and maleate esters through cobalt(III) catalysis. Org. Lett. 19, 3315–3318 (2017).

  52. 52.

    Kim, H. J. et al. Hydrogen-bond-assisted controlled C–H functionalization via adaptive recognition of a purine directing group. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 1132–1140 (2014).

  53. 53.

    Kurihara T. et al. Synthesis of 1,1′-spirobiindane-7,7′-disulfonic acid and disulfonimide: application for catalytic asymmetric aminalization. Chem. Asian J. https://doi.org/10.1002/asia.201800341 (2018).

  54. 54.

    Hamilton, G. L., Kang, E. J., Mba, M. & Toste, F. D. A powerful chiral counterion strategy for asymmetric transition metal catalysis. Science 317, 496–499 (2007).

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by JST ACT-C grant number JPMJCR12Z6, Japan, JSPS KAKENHI grant numbers JP15H05802 and JP15H05810 in Precisely Designed Catalysts with Customized Scaffolding, JSPS KAKENHI grant number JP18H04637 in Hybrid Catalysis, JSPS KAKENHI grant number JP17K15417, and The Asahi Glass Foundation and Astellas Foundation (to S.M.). We thank J. Hasegawa at Hokkaido University for fruitful discussion on the reaction mechanism.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

    • Shun Satake
    • , Takumaru Kurihara
    • , Tatsuhiko Yoshino
    •  & Shigeki Matsunaga
  2. Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

    • Keisuke Nishikawa
    • , Takuya Mochizuki
    • , Manabu Hatano
    •  & Kazuaki Ishihara

Authors

  1. Search for Shun Satake in:

  2. Search for Takumaru Kurihara in:

  3. Search for Keisuke Nishikawa in:

  4. Search for Takuya Mochizuki in:

  5. Search for Manabu Hatano in:

  6. Search for Kazuaki Ishihara in:

  7. Search for Tatsuhiko Yoshino in:

  8. Search for Shigeki Matsunaga in:

Contributions

S.S., T.K., K.N., T.M. and T.Y. performed the experiments and analysed the data. S.S., M.H., K.I., T.Y. and S.M. conceived and designed the experiments and prepared the manuscript. All authors contributed to discussions and commented on the manuscript.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Tatsuhiko Yoshino or Shigeki Matsunaga.

Supplementary Information

  1. Supplementary Information

    Supplementary Methods, Supplementary Figures 1–64, Supplementary References

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41929-018-0106-5