Antagonists to meeting the 2030 Agenda

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can influence each other positively or negatively. Climate change, inequalities and irresponsible consumption and production currently stand in the way of meeting the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Preparation for irrigation in Yara Village (around 3,500m elevation), Upper Mustang, Nepal. Glacier retreat due to climate change has created water shortages in the region.



  1. 1.

    Nilsson, M., Griggs, D. & Visbeck, M. Nature 534, 320–322 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Pradhan, P. et al. Earth’s Future 5, 1169–1179 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    United Nations The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015 75 (2015).

  4. 4.

    Costa, L., Rybski, D. & Kropp, J. P. PLoS One 6, e29262 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Steinberger, J. K. et al. Nat. Clim. Change 2, 81–85 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Kuznets, S. K. Am. Econ. Rev. 45, 1–28 (1995).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Prajal Pradhan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pradhan, P. Antagonists to meeting the 2030 Agenda. Nat Sustain 2, 171–172 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0248-8

Download citation

Further reading


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing