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Fig. 1: Insights from stochastic simulations of cancer growth.
Fig. 2: Detecting subclonal selection with dN/dS analysis.


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A.S. is supported by the Chris Rokos Fellowship in Evolution and Cancer and by Cancer Research UK (A22909). T.A.G. is supported by Cancer Research UK (A19771). C.P.B. is supported by the Wellcome Trust (097319/Z/11/Z). B.W. is supported by a Geoffrey W. Lewis Post-Doctoral Training fellowship. A.S. and T.A.G. are jointly supported by the Wellcome Trust (202778/B/16/Z and 202778/Z/16/Z, respectively). M.J.W. is supported by a Medical Research Council student scholarship.

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Authors and Affiliations



T.H. performed simulation and bioinformatic analyses. L.Z. performed dN/dS analysis. M.J.W. performed additional simulation analysis. B.W. performed mathematical analysis. G.C. provided expertise on clustering analysis. C.P.B., T.A.G. and A.S. conceived and led the study. All authors addressed the criticism and wrote the response.

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Correspondence to Trevor A. Graham or Andrea Sottoriva.

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Heide, T., Zapata, L., Williams, M.J. et al. Reply to ‘Neutral tumor evolution?’. Nat Genet 50, 1633–1637 (2018).

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