Review Article | Published:

Low-dimensional catalysts for hydrogen evolution and CO2 reduction

Nature Reviews Chemistry volume 2, Article number: 0105 (2018) | Download Citation

Abstract

Low-dimensional materials and their hybrids have emerged as promising candidates for electrocatalytic and photocatalytic hydrogen evolution and CO2 conversion into useful molecules. Progress in synthetic methods for the production of catalysts coupled with a better understanding of the fundamental catalytic mechanisms has enabled the rational design of catalytic nanomaterials with improved performance and selectivity. In this Review, we analyse the state of the art in the implementation of low-dimensional nanomaterials and their van der Waals heterostructures for hydrogen evolution and CO2 reduction by electrocatalysis and photocatalysis. We explore the mechanisms involved in both reactions and the different strategies to further optimize the activity, efficiency and selectivity of low-dimensional catalysts.

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Acknowledgements

D.V. acknowledges financial support from the US Army RDECom Grant N°W911NF-17-2-0033 and the Cellule Exploratoire of CNRS. H.S.S acknowledges UNIST for financial support, 2107 research fund No. 1.170092

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Affiliations

  1. Institut Européen des Membranes (I.E.M.), UMR-5635, University of Montpellier, ENSCM, CNRS, Montpellier 34095, France.

    • Damien Voiry
  2. Department of Chemistry and Department of Energy Engineering, Low Dimensional Carbon Materials, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea.

    • Hyeon Suk Shin
  3. Department of Chemistry and Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543.

    • Kian Ping Loh
  4. Materials Science and Engineering, Rutgers University, 607 Taylor Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA.

    • Manish Chhowalla

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All authors contributed equally to the preparation of this manuscript.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Correspondence to Damien Voiry.

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