Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

One outstanding path from A to B

What does it mean for an individual to be ‘important’ or for a connection to be ‘outstanding’? The answer depends on context, as Sarah Shugars and Samuel V. Scarpino explain.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Lewin, K. Contributions to Psychological Theory. The Conceptual Representation and the Measurement of Psychological Forces (Duke Univ. Press, 1938);

  2. Freeman, L. C. Sociometry 40, 35–41 (1977).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Anthonisse, J. M. The Rush in a Directed Graph Technical Report BN 9/71 (Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, 1971).

  4. Burt, R. S. Am. J. Soc. 110, 349–399 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Sarah Shugars or Samuel V. Scarpino.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shugars, S., Scarpino, S.V. One outstanding path from A to B. Nat. Phys. 17, 540 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing