Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Broadband mid-infrared waveform generation

Coherent multi-octave mid-infrared waveforms are created and manipulated by cascaded intrapulse difference-frequency generation, demonstrating absolute phase control, and adding to the growing arsenal of techniques for arbitrary light-wave control.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Broadband waveform synthesis via cascaded intrapulse difference-frequency generation.


  1. Steinleitner, P. et al. Nat. Photon. (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Jones, D. J. et al. Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Huang, S.-W. et al. Nat. Photon. 5, 475–479 (2011).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Okubo, S. et al. Optica 5, 188–192 (2018).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Koke, S. et al. Nat. Photon. 4, 462–465 (2010).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Suchowski, H., Porat, G. & Arie, A. Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 333–367 (2014).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Krogen, P. et al. Nat. Photon. 11, 222–226 (2017).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Heberle, D. et al. Self-dispersion-managed octave-spanning adiabatic frequency converter. in Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics OSA Technical Digest Paper STh4E.2 (Optica, 2022).

  9. Manzoni, C. et al. Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 129–171 (2015).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Rossi, G. M. et al. Nat. Photon. 14, 629–635 (2020).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Jeffrey Moses or Shu-Wei Huang.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Moses, J., Huang, SW. Broadband mid-infrared waveform generation. Nat. Photon. 16, 481–482 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing