The arrival of light-emitting diodes based on new materials is posing challenges for the characterization and comparison of devices in a trusted and consistent manner. Here we provide some advice and guidelines that we hope will benefit the community.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $4.92 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Greenham, N. C., Friend, R. H. & Bradley, D. D. C. Adv. Mater. 6, 491–494 (1994).
Forrest, S. R., Bradley, D. D. C. & Thomson, M. E. Adv. Mater. 15, 1043–1048 (2003).
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Standards LM-79-08, LM-80-08, TM-21-11 and LM-82-12 (American National Standards Institute).
Ai, X. et al. Nature 563, 536–540 (2018).
Yang, Y. et al. Nat. Photon. 9, 259–266 (2015).
Cao, Y. et al. Nature 562, 249–253 (2018).
Lin, K. et al. Nature 562, 245–248 (2018).
Zhao, B. et al. Nat. Photon. 12, 783–789 (2018).
Stranks, S. D., Hoye, R. L. Z., Di, D., Friend, R. H. & Deschler, F. Adv. Mater. 1803336 (2018).
Kim, K.-H. et al. Nat. Commun. 5, 4769 (2014).
Lee, E. et al. J. Inf. Disp. 17, 151–158 (2016).
Light and Lighting. Lighting of Work Places European Standards EN 12464-1:2011 and EN 12464-2:2014 (British Standards Institute).
US General Services Administration 6.15 Lighting https://www.gsa.gov/node/82715 (2014).
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage Colorimetry 3rd edn (Technical Report CIE 15, 2004).
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage Method of Measuring and Specifying Colour Rendering of Light Sources CIE 13.3-1995 (1995).
S.D.S. and M.A. acknowledge funding from the European Research Council (ERC) (grant agreement no. 756962 (HYPERION)) and the Marie Skłodowska–Curie actions (grant agreement no. 841386) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. S.D.S. acknowledges support from the Royal Society and Tata Group (UF150033). B.P.R. acknowledges support from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award no. FA9550-18-1-0037. R.J.H. acknowledges support from a Visiting Fellowship at Clare Hall and a Leverhulme Trust Visiting Professorship, both at the University of Cambridge, the National Science Foundation (ECCS-1509121 and DMR-1708177), and the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment. D.C. acknowledges funding from the Royal Society. H.J.B. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) via the Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu MDM-2015-0538 and MAT2017-88821-R. J.W. acknowledges support from the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91733302). We acknowledge the EPSRC (EP/M005143/1). We thank P. Conaghan for providing data for the example LED calculations.
About this article
Cite this article
Anaya, M., Rand, B.P., Holmes, R.J. et al. Best practices for measuring emerging light-emitting diode technologies. Nat. Photonics 13, 818–821 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-019-0543-y
Nature Communications (2021)
Nature Materials (2021)
Optimization of Composition with Reduced Phase Impurity in Quasi‐2D Perovskite for Electroluminescence
Advanced Photonics Research (2021)
Advanced Optical Materials (2021)
Configuring device architecture with new solution-processable host for high performance low color-temperature OLEDs with ultra-low driving voltage
Organic Electronics (2021)