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Tissue regeneration

A bioadhesive robot to activate muscles

Soft actuators composed of a tough bioadhesive/elastomer shell encapsulating a stimuli-responsive metallic spring provide in situ mechanical stimulation of skeletal muscles to promote muscle tissue rehabilitation and prevent atrophy.

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Fig. 1: Contraction and relaxation of the tough-bioadhesive robot.


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Correspondence to Xuanhe Zhao.

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Competing interests

X.Z. has a financial interest in SanaHeal, Inc., a biotechnology company focused on the development of medical devices for surgical sealing and repair.

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Zhao, X. A bioadhesive robot to activate muscles. Nat. Mater. 22, 149–150 (2023).

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