No free lunch for non-fullerene acceptors

Non-fullerene acceptors have successfully overcome energy losses that were thought to be unavoidable in organic solar cells based on fullerene derivatives. However, it is now shown that they have limits too.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Minimum ionization energy offset requirement for low-bandgap NFA-based OSCs.


  1. 1.

    Scharber, M. C. et al. Adv. Mater. 18, 789–794 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Perdigón-Toro, L. et al. Adv. Mater. 32, 1906763 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Karuthedath, S. et al. Nat. Mater. (2020).

  4. 4.

    Poelking, C. & Andrienko, D. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 6320–6326 (2015).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Chandrabose, S. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 141, 6922–6929 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Justin M. Hodgkiss.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hodgkiss, J.M. No free lunch for non-fullerene acceptors. Nat. Mater. (2020).

Download citation


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing