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‘Woman, Life, Liberty’ in Iran and the role of academia

In Iran, women and men protest day and night for women, life and liberty. The moment has come for the international academic community to take action to remove the obstacles faced by Iran’s scholarly community, and join the call for equality, democracy and human rights.

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Fig. 1: Back of a postcard of Picasso’s painting, ‘Jacqueline lisant’.


  1. Wright, R. Iran’s protests are the first counter-revolution led by women. The New Yorker, (October 2022)

  2. Repucci, S. & Slipowitz, A. Freedom in the World 2022: The Global Expansion of Authoritarian Rule (Freedom House, 2022).

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  4. Art. 9. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).

  5. Art. 301. Iran’s Criminal Law (2013).

  6. Art. 302, Section E. Iran’s Criminal Law (2013).

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  8. Art. 199. Iran’s Criminal Law (2013).

  9. Art. 1043. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

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  11. Art. 1146. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  12. Art. 1157. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  13. Art. 18. Passport Act (1973).

  14. Art. 1117. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  15. Art. 1169. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  16. Art. 906. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  17. Art. 907. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  18. Art. 908. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  19. Art. 909. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  20. Art. 910. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  21. Art. 911. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  22. Art. 912. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

  23. Art. 913. Iran’s Civil Code (1928).

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Ms Constitution. ‘Woman, Life, Liberty’ in Iran and the role of academia. Nat Hum Behav 7, 3–5 (2023).

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