A new theory of city size, embodying ideas from economic complexity and cultural evolution, provides a rich basis for speculating on their economic structure and suggests hints as to how old cities might regenerate their past prosperity and how new ones might generate more success.
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Batty, M. Urban studies: Diverse cities, successful cities. Nat Hum Behav 1, 0022 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-016-0022