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Atmospheric impacts of the space industry require oversight

Rocket emissions and debris from spacecraft falling out of orbit are having increasingly detrimental effects on global atmospheric chemistry. Improved monitoring and regulation are urgently needed to create an environmentally sustainable space industry.

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Fig. 1: The atmospheric layers from the ground up to the boundary with space, showing natural phenomena, human inputs and resultant impacts.
Fig. 2: A SpaceX rocket launches from Cape Canaveral in the United States of America on 25 June 2019 at 06:30 UTC.


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Correspondence to Jamie D. Shutler.

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Nature Geoscience thanks Richard H. Moore and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Shutler, J.D., Yan, X., Cnossen, I. et al. Atmospheric impacts of the space industry require oversight. Nat. Geosci. 15, 598–600 (2022).

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