Stream metabolism heats up

Higher stream temperatures as the climate warms could lead to lower ecosystem productivity and higher CO2 emissions in streams. An analysis of stream ecosystems finds that such changes will be greatest in the warmest and most productive streams.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: A stream in Iceland.

Dirk Bleyer/Getty.


  1. 1.

    Song, C. et al. Nat. Geosci. (2018).

  2. 2.

    Demars, B. O. L. et al. Freshwater Biol. 56, 1106–1121 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Yvon-Durocher, G. et al. Nature 487, 472–476 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Padfield, D., Yvon‐Durocher, G., Buckling, A., Jennings, S. & Yvon‐Durocher, G. Ecol. Lett. 19, 133–142 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Nelson, D. et al. Ecology 98, 1797–1806 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Cole, J. J. et al. Ecosystems 10, 172–185 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Raymond, P. A. et al. Nature 503, 355–359 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Mulholland, P. J. et al. Limnol. Oceanogr. 54, 666–680 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Rosemond, A. D. et al. Science 347, 1142–1145 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Sabo, J. L. et al. Science 358, eaao1053 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Swan, C. M. & Palmer, M. A. Oecologia 147, 469–478 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Bernhardt, E. S. et al. Limnol. Oceanogr. 63, 99–118 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to James B. Heffernan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Heffernan, J.B. Stream metabolism heats up. Nature Geosci 11, 384–385 (2018).

Download citation


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing