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Ecological homogenization of residential macrosystems

Similarities in planning, development and culture within urban areas may lead to the convergence of ecological processes on continental scales. Transdisciplinary, multi-scale research is now needed to understand and predict the impact of human-dominated landscapes on ecosystem structure and function.

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Figure 1: An example of urban homogenization of yard vegetation between Phoenix and Minneapolis–Saint Paul.


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Correspondence to Peter M. Groffman.

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Groffman, P., Avolio, M., Cavender-Bares, J. et al. Ecological homogenization of residential macrosystems. Nat Ecol Evol 1, 0191 (2017).

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