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Autumn cooling paused increased CO2 release in central Eurasia

Matters Arising to this article was published on 16 March 2023

The Original Article was published on 07 March 2022

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Fig. 1: Regional patterns of 2004–2018 autumn cooling and associated GPP and TER trends for the land north of 25° N.
Fig. 2: Interannual variability of autumn NEE and CO2.

Data availability

CRU TS4.05, FLUXCOM and atmospheric CO2 measurements data used in this study are available respectively from the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia (, the data portal of the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry ( and the Global Environmental Dataset of the Center for Global Environmental Research at the National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan (

Code availability

The codes used for the analyses are available from the corresponding author.


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M.K. and T.H. acknowledge support from JSPS KAKENHI (grant nos. 19H05668 and 19K12294). The measurements in central Eurasia were financially supported by the Global Environmental Research Coordination System from the Ministry of the Environment of Japan and partly by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (project no. 121031500342-0). M.K. acknowledges M. Takeuchi and K. Suganuma at the Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University for supporting the processing of the Siberian CO2 data.

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M.K. designed the study, conducted the analysis and wrote the paper. All authors contributed to the discussion and manuscript writing.

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Correspondence to Masayuki Kondo.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Nature Climate Change thanks Minkyu Moon and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Supplementary text, Figs. 1–3 and Table 1.

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Kondo, M., Sasakawa, M., Machida, T. et al. Autumn cooling paused increased CO2 release in central Eurasia. Nat. Clim. Chang. (2023).

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