Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Reply to: Is sea-ice-driven Eurasian cooling too weak in models?

The Original Article was published on 26 November 2019

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Estimates of coupled and uncoupled components of winter-mean SAT and SLP anomalies associated with WACE.

Data availability

The CESM simulations are freely available and were obtained from the following repository: http://www.cesm.ucar.edu/projects/community-projects/LENS/.

References

  1. Screen, J. A. & Blackport, R. Is sea-ice-driven Eurasian cooling too weak in models? Nat. Clim. Change https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0635-1 (2019).

  2. Mori, M., Kosaka, Y., Watanabe, M., Nakamura, H. & Kimoto, M. A reconciled estimate of the influence of Arctic sea-ice loss on recent Eurasian cooling. Nat. Clim. Change 9, 123–129 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Honda, M., Inoue, J. & Yamane, S. Influence of low Arctic sea-ice minima on anomalously cold Eurasian winters. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L08707 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Mori, M., Watanabe, M., Shiogama, H., Inoue, J. & Kimoto, M. Robust Arctic sea-ice influence on the frequent Eurasian cold winters in past decades. Nat. Geosci. 7, 869–873 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Screen, J. A., Deser, C. & Sun, L. Reduced risk of North American cold extremes due to continued Arctic sea ice loss. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 96, 1489–1503 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Zhang, P. et al. A stratospheric pathway linking a colder Siberia to Barents-Kara Sea sea ice loss. Sci. Adv. 4, eaat6025 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Sun, L., Perlwitz, J. & Hoerling, M. What caused the recent “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern in winter temperatures? Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 5345–5352 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. McCusker, K. E., Fyfe, J. C. & Sigmond, M. Twenty-five winters of unexpected Eurasian cooling unlikely due to Arctic sea-ice loss. Nat. Geosci. 9, 838–842 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Ogawa, F. et al. Evaluating impacts of recent Arctic sea ice loss on the northern hemisphere winter climate change. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45, 3255–3263 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Sorokina, S. A., Li, C., Wettstein, J. J. & Kvamstø, N. G. Observed atmospheric coupling between Barents Sea ice and the warm-Arctic cold-Siberian anomaly pattern. J. Clim. 29, 495–511 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Park, D.-S. R., Lee, S. & Feldstein, S. B. Attribution of the recent winter sea ice decline over the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean. J. Clim. 28, 4027–4033 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Gong, T. & Luo, D. Ural blocking as an amplifier of the Arctic sea ice decline in winter. J. Clim. 30, 2639–2654 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Luo, D. et al. Impact of Ural blocking on winter warm Arctic–cold Eurasian anomalies. Part I: blocking-induced amplification. J. Clim. 29, 3925–3947 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Luo, D. et al. Impact of Ural blocking on winter warm Arctic–cold Eurasian anomalies. Part II: the link to the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Clim. 29, 3949–3971 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Notz, D. & Stroeve, J. Observed Arctic sea-ice loss directly follows anthropogenic CO2 emission. Science 354, 747–750 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Årthun, M., Eldevik, T., Smedsrud, L., Skagseth, Ø. & Ingvaldsen, R. Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat. J. Clim. 25, 4736–4743 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Lind, S., Ingvaldsen, R. B. & Furevik, T. Arctic warming hotspot in the northern Barents Sea linked to declining sea-ice import. Nat. Clim. Change 8, 634–639 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Kay, J. et al. The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: a community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 96, 1333–1349 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Barsugli, J. J. & Battisti, D. S. The basic effects of atmosphere–ocean thermal coupling on midlatitude variability. J. Atmos. Sci. 55, 477–493 (1998).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Scaife, A. A. & Smith, D. A signal-to-noise paradox in climate science. npj Clim. Atmos. Sci. 1, 28 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank J. Screen for useful discussions. We acknowledge the CESM Large Ensemble Community Project. This work is supported by Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology through the Integrated Research Program for Advancing Climate Models and the Arctic Challenge for Sustainability (ArCS) Program, and by the Japan Society and Technology Agency through Belmont Forum CRA ‘InterDec’ and the Promotion of Science through KAKENHI grant no. JP19H01964.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

M.M. and Y.K. performed analyses. M.M., Y.K., B.T. and H.N. wrote the manuscript with discussion and feedback from all authors.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Masato Mori.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Peer review information Nature Climate Change thanks Hans Chen, Yannick Peings and Qiuhong Tang for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mori, M., Kosaka, Y., Watanabe, M. et al. Reply to: Is sea-ice-driven Eurasian cooling too weak in models?. Nat. Clim. Chang. 9, 937–939 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0636-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0636-0

This article is cited by

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing