New international governance arrangements that manage environmental risk and potential conflicts of interests are needed to facilitate negative emissions research that is essential to achieving the large-scale CO2 removal implied by the Paris Agreement targets.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $17.42 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Rockstom, J. et al. Science 355, 1269–1271 (2017).
Goodwin, P. A. et al. Nat. Geosci. 11, 102–107 (2018).
Anderson, K. & Peters, G. Science 354, 182–183 (2016).
Hansen, J. et al. Earth Syst. Dynam. 8, 577–616 (2017).
Griscom, B. W. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 114, 11645–11650 (2017).
National Research Council Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (National Academies, 2015).
Dooley, K. & Kartha, S. Int. Environ. Agreem. 18, 79–98 (2018).
Summary of Solutions by Overall Rank (Drawdown, 26 February 2018); http://www.drawdown.org/solutions-summary-by-rank.
Lomax, G., Lenton, T. M., Adeosun, A. & Workman, M. Nat. Clim. Change 5, 498–500 (2015).
Pasztor, J., Scharf, C. & Schmidt, K. Science 357, 231 (2017).
Scott, K. N. Mich. J. Int. Law 34, 309–358 (2013).
Decision Adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its Tenth Meeting: X/33 Biodiversity and Climate Change UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/X/33 8(w) (Convention on BiologicalDiversity, UNEP, 2010).
Decision Adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its Eleventh Meeting: XI/20 Climate-related geoengineering UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/XI/20 (CBD, UNEP, 2012); https://go.nature.com/2w2M4Pe
Decision Adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity: XIII/14 Climate-Related Geoengineering CBD/COP/DEC/XIII/14 (CBD, UNEP, 2016); https://go.nature.com/2rdL6K0
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972 (International Maritime Organization, 1972); https://go.nature.com/2KekHUs
1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972 (International Maritime Organization, 2006); https://go.nature.com/2wGqHDJ
Resolution LP.4(8) on the Amendment to the London Protocol to Regulate the Placement of Matter for Ocean Fertilization and Other Marine Geoengineering Activities LC 35/15 Annex 4 (International Maritime Organization, 2013).
Ginzky, H. & Frost, R. Carbon Clim. Law Rev 8, 82–96 (2014).
Assessment Framework for Scientific Research Involving Ocean Fertilization LC 32/15 Annex 6, 2.2.2 (International Maritime Organization, 2010).
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 and its 1996 Protocol: Statement of Concern Regarding Iron Fertilization of the Oceans to Sequester CO 2 LC-LP.1/Circ.14 (International Maritime Organization, 2007).
Nature 458, 562 (2009).
Blackstock, J. Nature 486, 159 (2012).
Nature 485, 415 (2012).
Bourzac, K. Nature 550, S66–S69 (2017).
Fuss, S. et al. in The Emissions Gap Report 2017 58–66 (UNEP, 2017).
Peters, G. P. & Geden, O. Nat. Clim. Change 7, 619–621 (2017).
Priority Three: Governance of Carbon Removal Technologies (C2G2, 24 February 2018); https://go.nature.com/2w665V1
McGee, J., Brent, K. & Burns, W. Aust. J. Mar. Ocean Aff. 10, 67–80 (2018).
K.B. was supported by a scholarship from the Institute for the Study of Social Change at the University of Tasmania, Australia. E.J.R. acknowledges Australian Laureate Fellowship FL120100050.
About this article
Cite this article
Brent, K., McGee, J., McDonald, J. et al. International law poses problems for negative emissions research. Nature Clim Change 8, 451–453 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0181-2
Global Change Biology (2020)
Nature Climate Change (2020)
Biogenic Iron Dust: A Novel Approach to Ocean Iron Fertilization as a Means of Large Scale Removal of Carbon Dioxide From the Atmosphere
Frontiers in Marine Science (2019)
Climate Policy (2019)