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A roadmap for planetary caves science and exploration

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Fig. 1: Planetary bodies are positioned within their respective research stage.

NASA / JPL-Caltech (images).


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Part of this research was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004). Images of planetary bodies were adapted from three-dimensional models available on NASA’s Solar System Exploration website. Satellite and rover silhouettes were rendered and modified from images of NASA’s Cassini and Perseverance spacecraft, respectively.

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T.N.T., J.J.W. and M.J.M. share senior authorship. A.A. and P.J.B. developed the robotics section, while P.B.B. assisted with figure development. All other authors contributed equally.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Timothy N. Titus or J. Judson Wynne or Michael J. Malaska.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Titus, T.N., Wynne, J.J., Malaska, M.J. et al. A roadmap for planetary caves science and exploration. Nat Astron 5, 524–525 (2021).

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