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Participation of women in spacecraft science teams


There is an ongoing discussion about the participation of women in science and particularly astronomy. Demographic data from NASA's robotic planetary spacecraft missions show women scientists to be consistently under-represented.

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Figure 1: Plot of the percentage of women on NASA robotic spacecraft science teams as a function of time.
Figure 2: Percentage of women in planetary science as a function of time from several different workforce surveys.
Figure 3: Effect of participating scientist (PS) and guest investigator (GI) programs on the participation of women in spacecraft teams.


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I would like to thank J. Vertesi for her assistance with the social science literature and editing this manuscript. Furthermore, the data presented here were compiled by a long list of volunteers, most of whom are listed as authors on refs 5 and 6.

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Correspondence to Julie Rathbun.

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Rathbun, J. Participation of women in spacecraft science teams. Nat Astron 1, 0148 (2017).

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