Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

A breeding consortium to realize the potential of hybrid diploid potato for food security

Hybrid diploid breeding is a radical innovation that promises to revolutionize breeding practices in potato, the world’s third-largest food crop. Yet concerted efforts are needed to ensure this innovation can be harnessed for food security.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1.

    Haverkort, A. J. & Verhagen, A. Potato Res. 51, 223–237 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Lindhout, P. et al. Potato Res. 54, 301–312 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Eggers, E. J. et al. Nat. Commun. 12, 4141 (2021).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Beumer, K., Stemerding, D. & Swart, J. A. A. Agric. Human Values 38, 525–539 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Halewood, M., López Noriega, I. & Louafi, S. Crop Genetic Resources as a Global Commons: Challenges in International Law and Governance (Routledge, 2013).

  6. 6.

    Su, Y. et al. Am. J. Potato Res. 97, 33–42 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Jansky, S. H. et al. Crop Sci. 56, 1412–1422 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Zhang, C. et al. Nat. Genet. 51, 374–378 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    de Vries, M., ter Maat, M. & Lindhout, P. Open Agric. 1, 151–156 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Stemerding, D., Swart, J.A.A., Lindhout, P. & Jacobs, J. Potato Futures: Impact of Hybrid Varieties. (2020).

  11. 11.

    Swart, J. A. A. & Stemerding, D. Opportunities and Challenges for Hybrid Potatoes in East Africa. Report of workshop held on 13–14 June 2019, Ghent, Belgium (University of Groningen, 2019).

  12. 12.

    Kreuze, J. F. et al. in The Potato Crop (ed. Campos, H. & Ortiz, O.) 389–430 (Springer, 2020).

  13. 13.

    Torrance, L. eLS (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Gildemacher, P. R. et al. Potato Res. 52, 173–205 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Almekinders, C. J. M. et al. Food Secur. 11, 23–42 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Duvick, D. N. in Plant Breeding and Farmer Participation (eds. Ceccarelli, S. et al.) 229–258 (FAO, 2009).

  17. 17.

    López-Noriega, I. et al. Flows under Stress: Availability of Plant Genetic Resources in Times of Climate and Policy Change. Working paper 18. (CCAFS, 2012).

  18. 18.

    Beumer, K. & Swart, J. A. A. J. Agric. Environ. Ethics (2021).

  19. 19.

    Tafesse, S. et al. Socioeco. Prac. Res. 2, 265–282 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Halewood, M. et al. Agric. Human Values. 38, 579–594 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Almekinders, C. J. M. et al. Outlook Agric. 48, 16–21 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Li, J., Lammerts van Bueren, E. T., Huang, K., Qin, L. & Song, Y. Int. J. Agric. Sustain. 11, 234–251 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Song, Y., Yanyan, Z., Song, X. & Vernooy, R. in Farming Matters: Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources 18–23 (ILEIA, 2016);

  24. 24.

    de Haan, S. in Plant Genetic Resources: A Review of Current Research and Future Needs (ed. Dulloo, M. E.) Ch. 10 (Burleigh Dodds Science, 2021).

  25. 25.

    van Lieshout, N. et al. G3 (Bethesda) 10, 3489–3495 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This article is a result of the research project Responsible Innovation in Dutch Potato Breeding (MVI-14-007), funded by the Dutch Research Council (NWO), which falls under the responsibility of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. Additional funding came from the Solynta Company (Wageningen) and the Kramp Group BV (Varsseveld), the Netherlands.

Author information




The authors equally contributed to the conception of the work, the analysis, and drafting and revising the work.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Koen Beumer.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Beumer, K., Stemerding, D. A breeding consortium to realize the potential of hybrid diploid potato for food security. Nat. Plants (2021).

Download citation


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing