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Ensuring best practice in genomics education and evaluation: reporting item standards for education and its evaluation in genomics (RISE2 Genomics)



Widespread, quality genomics education for health professionals is required to create a competent genomic workforce. A lack of standards for reporting genomics education and evaluation limits the evidence base for replication and comparison. We therefore undertook a consensus process to develop a recommended minimum set of information to support consistent reporting of design, development, delivery, and evaluation of genomics education interventions.


Draft standards were derived from literature (25 items from 21 publications). Thirty-six international experts were purposively recruited for three rounds of a modified Delphi process to reach consensus on relevance, clarity, comprehensiveness, utility, and design.


The final standards include 18 items relating to development and delivery of genomics education interventions, 12 relating to evaluation, and 1 on stakeholder engagement.


These Reporting Item Standards for Education and its Evaluation in Genomics (RISE2 Genomics) are intended to be widely applicable across settings and health professions. Their use by those involved in reporting genomics education interventions and evaluation, as well as adoption by journals and policy makers as the expected standard, will support greater transparency, consistency, and comprehensiveness of reporting. Consequently, the genomics education evidence base will be more robust, enabling high-quality education and evaluation across diverse settings.

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Fig. 1: Study design when developing reporting standards for genomics education and evaluation.
Fig. 2: Results of stage 1: literature review of genetics/genomics education, continuing medical education, and evaluation.
Fig. 3: Results of stages 2 and 3 to draft, review, and refine the reporting standards.

Data availability

Data are available in both the Results and Supplementary materials.


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This work was supported by the Victorian Government’s Operational Infrastructure Support Program and a grant from the Australian National Health & Medical Research Council (GNT1113531). We thank Erin Crellin, The University of Melbourne, for her contributions to the early stages of this work.

Author information





Conceptualization: C.G., H.J., M.Martyn, S.M., A.N. Data curation: M.J., N.K. Formal analysis: M.J., A.N. Funding acquisition: C.G., S.M. Investigation: A,B., J.B., K.B.S., M.B., S.B., J.C., M.C., A.D., K.D., V.D., D.G., G.G., R.G., M.J., B.K., D.K., K.K., M.L., A.Ma, J.M., A. Mallett, M. McCarthy, A. McEwen, S.M., N.M., A.N., C.P., C.Q., E.R., K.R., A.S., I.S., V.S., B.T., E.S.T., E.T., S.T., T.M.W. Methodology: C.G., H.J., M. Martyn, S.M., A.N. Project administration: M.J., N.K. Writing—original draft: C.G., M.J., A.N. Writing—review and editing: A.B., J.B., K.B.S., M.B., S.B., J.C., M.C., A.D., K.D., V.D., C.G., D.G., G.G., R.G., H.J., B.K., D.K., K.K., M.L., A. Ma., J.M., A. Mallett, M. Martyn, M. McCarthy, A.McEwen, B.M., N.M., S.M., A.N., C.P., C.Q., E.R., K.R., A.S., I.S., V.S., B.T., E.S.T., E.T., S.T., T.M.W. All authors agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

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Correspondence to Clara Gaff.

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Nisselle, A., Janinski, M., Martyn, M. et al. Ensuring best practice in genomics education and evaluation: reporting item standards for education and its evaluation in genomics (RISE2 Genomics). Genet Med (2021).

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