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Factors associated with pain during intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor

Eyevolume 32pages15441546 (2018) | Download Citation

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lausanne, Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, Fondation Asile des Aveugles, Lausanne, Switzerland

    • Ngoc Chau Isabelle Nguyen
    • , Filippo Fabro
    • , Aude Ambresin
    • , Sakina Ezziat
    • , Ciara Bergin
    •  & Irmela Mantel
  2. Palliative and Supportive Care Service, Department of Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

    • Claudia Mazzocato

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Research involving human participants

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Irmela Mantel.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-018-0126-z