Although previous epidemiological studies have demonstrated that serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with major depressive disorder (MDD), these analyses are prone to biases. Here, we applied the Mendelian Randomization approach to determine whether SUA is causally associated with MDD.
We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between SUA and MDD, then applied summary data from the Global Urate Genetics Consortium and the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium to estimate their causal effect using a two-sample bidirectional Mendelian Randomization (MR) analysis. Thereafter, the causal effect was further researched using genetic risk scores (GRS) as instrumental variables (IVs).
Results of a meta-analysis of articles comprising 6975 and 13,589 MDD patients and controls, respectively, revealed that SUA was associated with MDD (SMD = −0.690, 95% CI: −0.930 to −0.440, I2 = 97.4%, P < 0.001). In addition, the five MR methods revealed no causal relationship existed between SUA and MDD, which corroborated the results obtained via the GRS approach.
This paper found little evidence that this association between SUA and MDD is casual. Genetically, there was no significant causal association between SUA and MDD.
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We would like to acknowledge the Global Urate Genetics Consortium (GUGC) and the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) for supplying the summary data. This study was funded by the Major Project of Guangxi Innovation Driven (AA18118016), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC0908000), Scientific Research and Technology Development Program of Guangxi (15277004).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Chen, Z., Liang, S., Bai, Y. et al. Serum uric acid is not associated with major depressive disorder in European and South American populations: a meta-analysis and two-sample bidirectional Mendelian Randomization study. Eur J Clin Nutr (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-022-01165-8