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Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry visceral adipose tissue estimates: reproducibility and impact of pre-assessment diet

European Journal of Clinical Nutritionvolume 72pages609612 (2018) | Download Citation

Abstract

We examined the reproducibility of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) visceral adipose tissue (VAT) estimates as well as the impact of pre-assessment diet. In a counterbalanced design, 41 adults received 6 DXA scans, while consuming standardized high- and low-carbohydrate (LC) diets. The impact of pre-assessment diet was examined via repeated-measures analysis of variance and reproducibility of VAT estimates was evaluated by technical error of measurement (TEM) and s.e. of a single determination (SESD). VAT area, mass and volume were acutely decreased by ~ 6.5% after the LC diet (P ≤ 0.001), but not the high-carbohydrate diet (P > 0.3). Differences persisted after an overnight fast. TEMs for VAT area, mass and volume were < 5 cm2, ≤ 0.2 kg and < 25 cm3. SESDs for all VAT variables were ≤ 5.5%. In conclusion, DXA VAT estimates exhibit good reproducibility in controlled conditions, but may be impacted by pre-assessment diet.

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Acknowledgements

The original data collection was supported by Baylor University and the present analysis was supported by Texas Tech University.

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Affiliations

  1. Department of Kinesiology and Sport Management, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA

    • Grant M Tinsley
  2. Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA

    • Jeffrey S Forsse
    • , Elisa Morales
    •  & Peter W Grandjean

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Grant M Tinsley.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0038-1