Simon J. Littlewood, Laura Mitchell; 2019; Oxford University Press; £46.99; pp 368; ISBN: 9780198808664

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An introduction to orthodontics encapsulates the fundamental topics and concepts within this specialty by managing to concisely cover the foundations of contemporary orthodontic care in its impressively structured 25 chapters. As a result of this, it appeals to all: from undergraduate and postgraduate students, to general dental practitioners, or simply any individual who wishes to delve into the exciting world of orthodontics.

The early chapters explore the rationale for orthodontic treatment, classifying, assessing and treating malocclusions. They also provide appropriate information to consider in history-taking, assessing and examining patients, as well as appropriate special investigations. Later chapters explore these areas in greater detail, as well as discussing surgical considerations, craniofacial anomalies, orthodontic first aid and cleft. Even in its fifth edition, this book still remains topical, current and relevant: this is evident through new and exciting chapters which include an updated discussion of hypodontia and orthodontics, as well as the increasingly popular topic of clear aligners and orthodontics. Each malocclusion has its own dedicated chapter to ensure that readers are provided with a thorough and evidence-based insight of the aetiology and management. Readers are provided with ample information to inform them of appropriate treatment modalities within orthodontics, as well as treatment aims, throughout each chapter. These are supplemented with evidence-based discussions and references to ensure readers are directed to appropriate sources for further reading. An electronic hyperlink to references is included at the end of each chapter to facilitate wider reading and increase accessibility, which is a highly useful implementation. All chapters include useful case-based discussions and an array of colourful illustrations, diagrams and clinical photographs to enhance discussion. Specific learning objectives and key point summaries throughout enable readers to delve into areas as little or as much as they desire, encouraging both in-depth and targeted learning.

Now in its fifth edition, An introduction to orthodontics already has a well-secured place on the bookshelves of dental students. With a proven popular history, the relevance and usefulness of the content within this book is indubitable. It covers the essential information to provide a thorough knowledge of key concepts within orthodontics whilst eloquently exploring other topical and interesting areas. It provides an excellent and thorough discussion of contemporary orthodontic practice whilst supplying a detailed insight into the theoretical principles that form the basis of clinical considerations and treatments. As a result of this, I have no hesitation in recommending it to all readers.

Amardeep Singh Dhadwal, Dental Core Trainee in Birmingham Dental Hospital and School of Dentistry, Birmingham Community Healthcare Trust