This is the first longitudinal study of immune profiles and autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (AHCT) survival in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) patients and the effect of plerixafor mobilization on immune reconstitution in this population. A comprehensive immunophenotyping panel was performed in 104 consecutive adult B-NHL patients (58% diffuse large B cell and 42% mantle cell) who received AHCT (1/2008–11/2014), at a median of 28 days pre-AHCT (N = 104) and Day +100 (N = 83) post-AHCT. Median follow-up post-AHCT was 61 months (range: 8–120 months). Compared to patients mobilized with filgrastim and plerixafor, patients mobilized with filgrastim alone had a higher proportion of CD4+ naïve (p = 0.006) and CD8+ central memory T-cells (p = 0.006) pre-AHCT. For patients transplanted in complete remission (CR), a higher proportion of CD8+ effector memory T-cells pre-AHCT was associated with worse progression-free survival (PFS; p < 0.01) and overall survival (OS; p < 0.01). A higher ratio of CD8:CD4+ central memory T-cells pre-AHCT was associated with worse PFS (p < 0.0001) and OS (p = 0.0034). This same ratio measured post-AHCT among patients in CR on Day +100 was associated with worse and OS (p = 0.008) but not PFS (p = not significant). These immune subsets are complementary biomarkers which identify patients transplanted in CR who have poor survival prognoses and may warrant further clinical interventions.
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We acknowledge our patients and the nurses and staff who participated in their care. We also thank the BMT data managers, Dr Lin Mei and Mr Benjamin McCarthy who assisted with data collection. This work was partially supported by National Cancer Institute (NCI) grant P30 CA016056 involving the use of the Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center Flow and Imaging Cytometry Shared Resource.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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