Correspondence | Published:

Central nervous system immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after autologous stem cell transplantation

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Barber DL, Andrade BB, Sereti I, Sher A. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: the trouble with immunity when you had none. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2012;10:150–6.

  2. 2.

    Sun HY, Singh N. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in non-HIV immunocompromised patients. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2009;22:394–402.

  3. 3.

    Zając-Spychała O, Ukielska B, Jończyk-Potoczna K, Konatkowska B, Wachowiak J. Chronic candidiasis complicated by immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Case Rep Hematol. 2016;2016:5960150.

  4. 4.

    López-Iñiguez A, Alejandro Carrera-Villanueva K, León-Rodríguez E, Cuellar-Rodriguez J. Recurrent arthritis and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Bone Marrow Transpl. 2018;53:374–6.

  5. 5.

    Rushing EJ, Liappis A, Smirniotopoulos JD, Smith AB, Henry JM, Man YG, et al. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome of the brain: Case illustrations of a challenging entity. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2008;67:819–27.

  6. 6.

    Johnson TP, Nath A. New insights into immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome of the central nervous system. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2014;9:572–8.

  7. 7.

    Rooney C, Sauer T. Modelling cytokine related syndrome. Nat Med. 2018;24:703–10.

  8. 8.

    Cornell RF, Hari P, Drobyski WR. Engraftment syndrome after autologous stem cell transplantation: an update unifying the definition and management approach. Biol Blood Marrow Transpl. 2015;21:2061e2068.

  9. 9.

    Ingram PR, Howman R, Leahy MF, Dyer J. Cryptococcal immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome following alemtuzumab therapy. Clin Infec Dis. 2007;44:e115–7.

  10. 10.

    Pruitt AA, Graus F, Rosenfeld MR. Neurological complications of transplantation: Part I: hematopoietic cell transplantation. Clin Infect Dis. 2013;3:24–38.

  11. 11.

    Cesaro S, Boaro MP, Pillon M, Calore E, Cermakova I, Perruccio K, et al. Immune reconstitution complicated by CMV retinitis in a pediatric patient who underwent haploidentical CD34+-selected hematopoietic stem cell transplant for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Int J Hematol. 2008;88:145–8.

  12. 12.

    Chan KL, Lokan J, Tam CS, Lew TE, Prince HM. Central nervous system immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after ibrutinib therapy for Richter transformation. Leuk Lymphoma. 2017;58:207–10.

  13. 13.

    L Airas L, Päivärinta M, Röyttä M, Karhu J, Kauppila M, Itälä-Remes M, et al. Central nervous system immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after hematopoietic SCT. Bone Marrow Transpl. 2010;45:593–6.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by grants from Fondazione Internazionale D’AMATO Onlus and Associazione per i Pazienti Ematologici (APE) Onlus. We are grateful to RomAIL (Associazione Italiana contro le Leucemie-linfomi e mieloma) for providing laboratory space and to David Calef for editing the manuscript.

Author information

Correspondence to Agostino Tafuri.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark
Fig. 1