Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
We are sorry, but there is no personal subscription option available for your country.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Global Burden of Disease, Injury Incidence, Prevalence, Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries,1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 2016; 388: 1545-602.
Hayes M, Cockrell D, Smith D. A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals. Int J Dent Hyg 2009; 7: 159-165.
Vijay S and Ide M. Musculoskeletal neck and back pain in undergraduate dental students at a UK dental school - a cross-sectional study. Br Dent J 2016; 221: 241-245.
Dentist's Provident. Back of the problem. 2014. Data on file.
The work foundation. Fit For work? Musculoskeletal disorders in the European workforce 2009. Available online at: http://www.bollettinoadapt.it/old/files/document/3704FOUNDATION_19_10.pdf (Accessed September 2019).
Lange B M, Fung E Y K, Dunning D G. Suicide rate in the dental profession: Fact or myth and coping strategies. Dent Hypothesis 2012; 3: 164-168.
Maher C, Underwood M, Buchbinder R. Non-specific low back pain. Lancet 2017; 389: 736-747.
Brinjikji W J et al. Systematic Literature Review of Imaging Features of Spinal Degeneration in Asymptomatic Populations. Am J Neuroradiol 2015; 36: 811-816.
Hartvigsen J et al. What low back pain is and why we need to pay attention. Lancet 2018; 391: 2356-2367.
Henschke N et al. Prevalence of and screening for serious spinal pathology in patients presenting to primary care settings with acute low back pain. Arthritis Rheum 2009; 60: 3072-3080.
Bernstein I A, Malik Q, Carville S, Ward S. Low back pain and sciatica: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 2017; 356: i6748.
Foster N E et al. Prevention and treatment of low back pain: evidence, challenges, and promising directions. Lancet 2018; 391: 2368-2383.
da Silva T, Mills K, Brown B T, Herbert R D, Maher C G, Hancock M J. Risk of recurrence of low back pain: a systematic review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017; 47: 305-313.
Williams A C, de C, Craig K D. Updating the definition of pain. PAIN 2016; 157: 2420-2423.
Steffens D et al. What Triggers an Episode of Acute Low Back Pain? A Case-Crossover Study. Arthritis Care Res 2015; 67: 403-410.
Freese J, Klement R J, Ruiz-Núñez B, Schwarz S, Lötzerich, H. (2018). The sedentary (r)evolution: Have we lost our metabolic flexibility? F1000Res 2018; 6: 1787.
The Western Australian. Perfect Posture Myth. Available online at: https://thewest.com.au/lifestyle/health-wellbeing/perfect-posture-myth-ng-b88851651z.amp?__twitter_impression=true (Accessed September 2019).
Reconciling Biomechanics with pain science. Dear Mike and Friends: Why sitting posture is mostly irrelevant to future pain. Available online at: http://www.greglehman.ca/blog/2018/3/29/dear-mike-and-friends-why-sitting-posture-is-mostly-irrelevant-to-pain (Accessed September 2019).
Cristi-Montero C et al. Cardiometabolic risk through an integrative classification combining physical activity and sedentary behaviour in European adolescents: HELENA study. J Sport Health Sci 2019; 8: 55-62.
Picavet H S J, Pas L W, van Oostrom S H, van der Ploeg H P, Verschuren W M M, Proper K I. The Relation between Occupational Sitting and Mental, Cardiometabolic, and Musculoskeletal Health over a Period of 15 Years - The Doetinchem Cohort Study. PLoS One 2016; 11: e0146639.
Mulimani P, Hoe V C W, Hayes M J, Idiculla J J, Abas A B L, Karanth L. Ergonomic interventions for preventing musculoskeletal disorders in dental care practitioners. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; 10: CD011261.
Plessas A, Bernardes D. The role of ergonomic saddle seats and magnification loupes in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. A systematic review. Int J Dent Hyg 2018; 16: 430-440.
Hayden J, van Tulder M W, Malmivaara A, Koes B W. Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005; 3: CD000335.
Engers A, Jellema P, Wensing M, van der Windt D A, Grol R, van Tulder M W. Individual patient education for low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; 23: CD004057.
Gov.uk. UK Chief Medical Officers' Guidelines Start Active, Stay Active. 2011. Available online at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/541233/Physical_activity_infographic.PDF (Accessed September 2019).
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Non-specific low back pain and sciatica: management. NICE guideline 2016. Available online at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng59/chapter/Recommendations#non-invasive-treatments-for-low-back-pain-and-sciatica (Accessed September 2019).
Valachi B, Valachi K. Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in clinical dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 2003; 134: 1604 - 1612.
About this article
Cite this article
Cope, S. The pain is back, when I was doing just spine. BDJ Student 27, 36–39 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41406-019-0090-5