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The structure of occupational diseases in first-third-year piano students



The aim is to analyze the structure of occupational diseases in first-third year piano students studying.


A total sample of 300 individuals participating in the research process underwent a complete medical examination at the end of each academic year.


Among piano students, number of those distributed to special medical groups for health reasons grew from 14 to 38% (p ≤ 0.02). The incidence of diseases of the muscular system increased from 58 to 71% (p ≤ 0.05), with the sharpest rise during the transition from the second to the third year of study. Similar tendencies were obtained for the incidence of hand-related diseases—their overall frequency advanced from 17 to 23% (p ≤ 0.05). The surge of morbidity in the transition from the second to the third year of study can be attributed to the increased educational load experienced by students during this period, as they begin to practice music intensively after theoretical classes. Сorresponding measures directed at preventing occupational diseases, bettering physical education, expanding the rest intervals between piano lessons are to be taken.


The research results indicate that the main occupational diseases of piano students are those related to hands and muscular system.


  • The obtained data suggest that the range of diseases is likely to progress throughout the musical training.

  • The main diseases of piano students are those related to hands and muscular system.

  • The sharpest rise was during the transition from the 2nd to the 3rd year of study.

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Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data—H.Z.; Drafting the paper or revising it critically for important intellectual content—H.Z.; Final approval of the version to be published—H.Z.

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Correspondence to Hainan Zhang.

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Zhang, H. The structure of occupational diseases in first-third-year piano students. Pediatr Res (2022).

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