Biography: A trailblazer and founder of quantum optics as well as quantum information science in China, Guangcan Guo is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), academician of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), professor of the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), and former president of the Chinese Optical Society (COS). In 1965, Prof. Guo graduated from USTC and was offered a teaching position there. From 1981 to 1983, he studied at the University of Toronto as a visiting scholar. He was elected an academician of CAS in 2003 and a member of TWAS in 2009. In the 1980s, Prof. Guo took the lead in introducing the theoretical system of quantum optics to China. In the 1990s, he took the lead in focusing on the field of quantum information and undertook the national “973 Plan” project, which led to the positive development of quantum information science in China. He put forward the principle of probabilistic quantum cloning, deduced the maximum cloning efficiency, and successfully experimentally developed the probabilistic quantum cloning machine and the universal quantum cloning machine. In 2021, Prof. Guo won the second prize in the 2020 National Natural Science Award for his Research on Fundamental Problems of Quantum Physics Based on Quantum Information Technology.

figure b