Neurotensin is a peptide with effects on appetite and intestinal lipid absorption. Experimental data suggest a role in glucose homeostasis, while human data is missing. Here, 20 morbidly obese subjects either underwent biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD), or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in a randomized fashion. Before and 1 year after surgery, anthropometric data, body composition, clinical biochemistry, insulin sensitivity by means of euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamps (HEC) and fasting plasma proneurotensin 1–117 were analyzed. Plasma proneurotensin increased significantly more 1 year after BDP than RYGB (P = 0.028), while weight loss was comparable. After metabolic surgery, proneurotensin correlated positively with insulin sensitivity (M-value) (r = 0.55, P < 0.001), while an inverse relationship with fasting glucose, HOMA-IR and HbA1c was observed (P < 0.05 for all components). After adjustment for age and gender, proneurotensin and BMI remained independently related with delta of M-value (β = 0.46 and β = 0.51, P < 0.05, resp.). From these data we conclude that proneurotensin positively correlates with insulin sensitivity uniquely after weight loss induced by metabolic surgery in humans. BDP leads to a stronger increase in the anorexigenic peptide compared to RYGB.
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These authors contributed equally: Christian von Loeffelholz, Lidia Castagneto Gissey.
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We thank Julia Paditz and Stephan Friebe for excellent technical assistance. This work was funded by grant from the German Research Foundation (DFG) to ALB, GM, AK, SRB (IRTG 2251).