Abstract 345 Developmental Biology Platform, Sunday, 5/2
Adenosine acts via A1 adenosine receptors (A1ARs) in the heart and brain to potently influence mammalian physiology. A1ARs are expressed very early in embryonic development and A1ARs are among the earliest expressed G protein coupled receptors in the heart and brain. To understand the biologic basis of A1AR expression, a genomic fragment containing the murine A1AR promoter was cloned. Reporter assay studies using DDT1 MF2 cells that express A1ARs revealed that 500 bp of the proximal A1AR promoter contained essential elements for A1AR gene expression. Transgenic mice with A1AR proximal promoter coupled with the beta-galactosidase reporter gene had heavy labeling of the brain and atria, consistent with normal patterns of A1AR expression. Within the proximal A1AR promoter, putative binding sites for cardiac transcription factors GATA and Nkx2.5 were identified. Co-expression studies revealed that GATA-4 and Nkx2.5 could individually drive A1AR promoter activity and act synergistically to activate A1AR expression. These observation suggest that embryonic A1AR expression involves activation of the A1AR promoter by GATA-4 and Nkx2.5 and provides new insights into the mechanisms leading to expression of cardiac receptors at very early stages of development.
Funded by RO1HL58442
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Rivkees, S., Chen, M. & Zhao, Z. Characterization of the Murine A1 Adenosine Receptor Promoter: Potent Regulation by GATA-4 and Nkx2.5. Pediatr Res 45, 60 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1203/00006450-199904020-00362