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Gender-specific presentations for asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in primary care

A Corrigendum to this article was published on 01 April 2007

This article has been updated

Abstract

Aim:

To identify age- and gender-specific prevalence rates for physician-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR) and eczema across a whole lifespan.

Method:

Presentations of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were identified in individuals aged 0 to 65 who consulted their general practitioner at least once in 1998–99 from a population sample of 266,733 in Scotland, and in 1991–95 for asthma and allergic rhinitis in 6,836,063 person years at risk in England and Wales.

Results:

In both sexes asthma presentations peak at 4–6 years whilst eczema peaks in infancy. A second asthma peak occurs during adolescence, earlier in females, at a time when a female predominance for all three atopic diseases is established. Female predominance of eczema presentations are limited to the reproductive period of 15–49 years.

Conclusion:

The patterns of presentations for asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema by age and gender suggest important gender-specific differences in disease predisposition and diagnosis.

Change history

  • 18 May 2007

    The authors regret that an error occurred on page 30, caption to Figure 2: The caption 'Patient consultation rates for asthma by single year of age for ages...' should read: 'Patient consultation rates for allergic rhinitis by single year of age for ages...'

  • 01 April 2007

    The authors regret that an error occurred on page 30, caption to Figure 2: The caption 'Patient consultation rates for asthma by single year of age for ages...' should read: 'Patient consultation rates for allergic rhinitis by single year of age for ages...'

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Correspondence to Mustafa Osman.

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Osman, M., Hansell, A., Simpson, C. et al. Gender-specific presentations for asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in primary care. Prim Care Respir J 16, 28–35 (2007). https://doi.org/10.3132/pcrj.2007.00006

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