Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The dynamics of Van Allen belts revisited

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Time evolution of radiation profiles in electron PSD at relativistic and ultra-relativistic energies.


  1. 1

    Baker, D. N. et al. Science 40, 186–190 (2013).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Mann, I. R. et al. Nat. Phys. 12, 978–983 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Shprits, Y. Y. et al. J. Geophys. Res. 111, A11214 (2006).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Subbotin, D. A., Shprits, Y. Y. & Ni, B. J. Geophys. Res. 116, A12210 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Reeves, G. D. et al. Science 341, 991–994 (2013).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Shprits, Y. Y. et al. Nat. Phys. 9, 699–703 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Shprits, Y. Y. et al. Nat. Commun. 7, 12883 (2016).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Shprits, Y. Y., Kellerman, A., Aseev, N., Drozdov, A. Y. & Michaelis, I. Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, 1204–1209 (2017).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Ma, Q. et al. Geophys. Res. Lett. 42, 987–995 (2015).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Tsyganenko, N. A. & Sitnov, M. I. J. Geophys. Res. 112, A06225 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yuri Y. Shprits.

Supplementary information

Supplementary information

Supplementary notes, figures and Table

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shprits, Y., Horne, R., Kellerman, A. et al. The dynamics of Van Allen belts revisited. Nat. Phys. 14, 102–103 (2018).

Download citation

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing