Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Magnetic monopoles

Quenching the fire in spin ice

The density of monopoles in spin ice can be enhanced by rapid cooling. After the creation of significant numbers of monopoles, magnetization measurements show that, much like charges in an electric field, monopoles can be driven by a magnetic field.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: A rapid quench creates a non-equilibrium population of monopoles (red) and antimonopoles (blue).


  1. Paulsen, C. et al. Nature Phys. (2014).

  2. Harris, M. J. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2554–2557 (1997).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Melko, R. G., den Hertog, B. C. & Gingras, M. J. P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 067203 (2001).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Castelnovo, C., Moessner, R. & Sondhi, S. L. Nature 451, 42–45 (2008).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Ryzhkin, I. A. JETP 101, 481–486 (2005).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Slobinsky, D. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 267205 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Mengotti, E. et al. Nature Phys. 7, 68–74 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Castelnovo, C., Moessner, R. & Sondhi, S. L. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 107201 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pomaranski, D. et al. Nature Phys. 9, 353–356 (2013).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Braun, H. B. Adv. Phys. 61, 1–116 (2012).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hans-Benjamin Braun.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Braun, HB. Quenching the fire in spin ice. Nature Phys 10, 88–89 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing