Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The parallel approach

A class of two-terminal passive circuit elements that can also act as memories could be the building blocks of a form of massively parallel computation known as memcomputing.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Backus, J. Comm. Assoc. Comp. Machin. 21, 613–641 (1978).

    MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  2. Owens, J. D. et al. Comp. Graph. Forum 26, 80–113 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Feynman, R. P. Found. Phys. 16, 507–531 (1986).

    ADS  MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Shor, P. W. SIAM J. Comp. 26, 1484–1509 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Chuang, I., Laflamme, R., Shore, P. & Zurek, W. H. Science 270, 1633–1635 (1995).

    ADS  MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Pellizzari, T., Gardiner, S. A., Cirac, J. I. & Zoller, P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788–3791 (1995).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 


  8. Cowan, W. M., Sudhof, T. C. & Stevens, C. F. (eds) Synapses (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2001).

    Google Scholar 

  9. Di Ventra, M., Pershin, Y. V. & Chua, L. O. Proc. IEEE 97, 1717–1724 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Pershin, Y. V. & Di Ventra, M. Adv. Phys. 60, 145–227 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Pershin, Y. V. & Di Ventra, M. Phys. Rev. E 84, 046703 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Monmarche, N., Guinand, F. & Siarry, P. (eds) Artificial Ants (Wiley-ISTE, 2010).

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  13. DiVincenzo, D. P. Fortschr. Phys. 48, 771–783 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Strukov, D. & Likharev, K. Nanotechnology 16, 888–900 (2005).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Borghetti, J. et al. Nature 464, 873–876 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Pershin, Y. V. & Di Ventra, M. Proc. IEEE 100, 2071–2080 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Waser R. & Aono, M. Nature Mater. 6, 833–840 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Sawa, A. Mater. Today 11, 28–36 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Jo, S. H., Kim, K-H. & Lu, W. Nano Lett. 9, 870–874 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Lee, M-J. et al. Nature Mater. 10, 625–630 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Snider, G. S. SciDAC Rev. 10, 58–65 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  22. Linares-Barranco, B. & Serrano-Gotarredona, T. Nanotechnology 2009, IEEE Nano 601–604 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  23. Pershin, Y. V. & Di Ventra, M. Neural Netw. 23, 881–886 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Jo, S. H. et al. Nano Lett. 10, 1297–1301 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Itoh, M. & Chua, L. O. Int. J. Bif. Chaos 19, 3605–3656 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Massimiliano Di Ventra or Yuriy V. Pershin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Di Ventra, M., Pershin, Y. The parallel approach. Nature Phys 9, 200–202 (2013).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing