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Optical lattices

Orbital dance

Emulating condensed-matter physics with ground-state atoms trapped in optical lattices has come a long way. But excite the atoms into higher orbital states, and a whole new world of exotic states appears.

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Figure 1: Anisotropy and odd parity of p-orbital tunnelling.

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Lewenstein, M., Liu, W. Orbital dance. Nature Phys 7, 101–103 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys1894

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