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Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields

Abstract

Holographic displays generate realistic 3D images that can be viewed without the need for any visual aids. They operate by generating carefully tailored light fields that replicate how humans see an actual environment. However, the realization of high-performance, dynamic 3D holographic displays has been hindered by the capabilities of present wavefront modulator technology. In particular, spatial light modulators have a small diffraction angle range and limited pixel number limiting the viewing angle and image size of a holographic 3D display. Here, we present an alternative method to generate dynamic 3D images by controlling volume speckle fields significantly enhancing image definition. We use this approach to demonstrate a dynamic display of micrometre-sized optical foci in a volume of 8 mm × 8 mm × 20 mm.

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Figure 1: Concept of scattering display.
Figure 2: Experimental set-up.
Figure 3: Wavelength-scale focusing over a wide area through diffusers.
Figure 4: Construction of a spiral trajectory with a generated focus.
Figure 5: Dynamic images of a moving 3D tetrahedron.
Figure 6: Projection using a DMD.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank KAIST, Tomocube Inc., the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, and the National Research Foundation (2015R1A3A2066550, 2014M3C1A3052567, 2014K1A3A1A09063027).

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Authors

Contributions

H.Y. performed the experiments and analysed the data. K.L. and J.P. contributed analytic tools. Y.P. conceived and supervised the project. All co-authors wrote the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to YongKeun Park.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

H.Y. and Y.P. are inventors on a patent describing the device for holographic display (US patent number 9,354,605; Republic of Korea patent number 10-1665238-0000).

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Yu, H., Lee, K., Park, J. et al. Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields. Nature Photon 11, 186–192 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2016.272

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