Experimental free-space quantum teleportation

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Abstract

Quantum teleportation1 is central to the practical realization of quantum communication2,3. Although the first proof-of-principle demonstration was reported in 1997 by the Innsbruck4 and Rome groups5, long-distance teleportation has so far only been realized in fibre with lengths of hundreds of metres6,7. An optical free-space link is highly desirable for extending the transfer distance, because of its low atmospheric absorption for certain ranges of wavelength. By following the Rome scheme5, which allows a full Bell-state measurement, we report free-space implementation of quantum teleportation over 16 km. An active feed-forward technique has been developed to enable real-time information transfer. An average fidelity of 89%, well beyond the classical limit of 2/3, is achieved. Our experiment has realized all of the non-local aspects of the original teleportation scheme and is equivalent to it up to a local unitary operation5. Our result confirms the feasibility of space-based experiments, and is an important step towards quantum-communication applications on a global scale.

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Figure 1: Experimental quantum teleportation in free space.
Figure 2: Experimental data for characterizing the BSM interferometer.
Figure 3: Experimental results of teleportation of six universal states.

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Acknowledgements

This research, leading to the results reported here, was supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the National Fundamental Research Program of China under grant no. 2006CB921900, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Author information

J.-W.P. and C.-Z.P. supervised the project overall. J.-W.P., C.-Z.P. and H.Y. designed the experiment. X.-M.J., J.-G.R., B.Y., Z.-H.Y., F.Z., X.-F.X., S.-K.W., S.J., T.Y. and C.-Z.P. performed the experiment. D.Y. and Y.-F.H. designed the electric devices. X.-M.J., J.-G.R., K.C. and J.-W.P. analysed the data. X.-M.J., K.C., C.-Z.P. and J.-W.P. wrote the paper.

Correspondence to Xian-Min Jin or Cheng-Zhi Peng or Jian-Wei Pan.

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The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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