The richness of optical and electronic properties of graphene attracts enormous interest. Graphene has high mobility and optical transparency, in addition to flexibility, robustness and environmental stability. So far, the main focus has been on fundamental physics and electronic devices. However, we believe its true potential lies in photonics and optoelectronics, where the combination of its unique optical and electronic properties can be fully exploited, even in the absence of a bandgap, and the linear dispersion of the Dirac electrons enables ultrawideband tunability. The rise of graphene in photonics and optoelectronics is shown by several recent results, ranging from solar cells and light-emitting devices to touch screens, photodetectors and ultrafast lasers. Here we review the state-of-the-art in this emerging field.
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We thank S. A. Awan, D. M. Basko, E. Lidorikis, A. Hartschuh, J. Coleman, A. Dyadyusha, D. P. Chu, T. Etchermeyer, T. Kulmala, A. Lombardo, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Torrisi, O. Trushkevych, F. Wang, T. Seyller, B. H. Hong, K. S. Novoselov and A. K. Geim for discussions. We acknowledge funding from EPSRC grants EP/G042357/1 and EP/G030480/1, ERC grant NANOPOTS, a Royal Society Brian Mercer Award for Innovation, the Cambridge Integrated Knowledge Centre in Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Photonics and Electronics, and Cambridge Nokia Research Centre. F.B. acknowledges funding from a Newton International Fellowship and T.H. from King's College, Cambridge. A.C.F. is a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holder.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Bonaccorso, F., Sun, Z., Hasan, T. et al. Graphene photonics and optoelectronics. Nature Photon 4, 611–622 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.186
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