The trapping, manipulation and conversion of light by nanostructures are of great interest at present, both scientifically and for applications. An important part of this is the interaction of light with optical waveguides, mediated by plasmon-active metal-nanoparticle arrangements. Strong coupling of incident light to waveguide-plasmon polaritons has been demonstrated by means of nanoparticle lattices1,2, as well as by disordered metal-island film distributions3, and it has further been used to enhance the efficiency of solar cells4,5 and LED (ref. 6). Here, we show that a disordered metal-nanoparticle layer, supported by a 40-nm-thick Si3N4 membrane, enables coupling of a single laser pulse to the waveguided modes of the membrane, and that, under certain conditions, this leads to reorganization of the nanoparticle ensemble into ordered one- and two-dimensional grating patterns. Such self-patterning has not been observed before, and could lead to useful methods for the fabrication of complex nanostructures and advanced photonic devices.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $15.58 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Christ, A., Tikhodeev, S. G., Gippius, N. A., Kuhl, J. & Giessen, H. Waveguide-plasmon polaritons: Strong coupling of photonic and electronic resonances in a metallic photonic crystal slab. Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
Zentgraf, T., Christ, A., Kuhl, J. & Giessen, H. Tailoring the ultrafast dephasing of quasiparticles in metallic photonic crystals. Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243901 (2004).
Stuart, H. R. & Hall, D. G. Enhanced dipole–dipole interaction between elementary radiators near a surface. Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663–5666 (1998).
Stuart, H. R. & Hall, D. G. Island size effects in nanoparticle-enhanced photodetectors. Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815–3817 (1998).
Stuart, H. R. & Hall, D. G. Absorption enhancement in silicon-on-insulator waveguides using metal island films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2327–2329 (1996).
Pillai, S. et al. Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
Grant, A. W., Hu, Q. H. & Kasemo, B. Transmission electron microscopy ‘windows’ for nanofabricated structures. Nanotechnology 15, 1175–1181 (2004).
Truong, V. V. & Scott, G. D. Optical constants of aggregated gold films. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 124–131 (1976).
Truong, V. V. & Scott, G. D. Optical properties of aggregated noble metal films. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 502–510 (1977).
Tien, P. K. Light waves in thin films and integrated optics. Appl. Opt. 10, 2395–2413 (1971).
Jackson, J. D. Classical Electrodynamics (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999).
Soller, B. J. & Hall, D. G. Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2437–2448 (2002).
Lewis, L. J., Jensen, P., Combe, N. & Barrat, J. L. Diffusion of gold nanoclusters on graphite. Phys. Rev. B 61, 16084–16090 (2000).
Habenicht, A., Olapinski, M., Burmeister, F., Leiderer, P. & Boneberg, J. Jumping nanodroplets. Science 309, 2043–2045 (2005).
Gordon, J. P. Radiation forces and momenta in dielectric media. Phys. Rev. A 8, 14–21 (1973).
Jin, R. C. et al. Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation. Nature 425, 487–490 (2003).
Vahala, K. J. Optical microcavities. Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
Shackelford, J. F. & Alexander, W. (eds) CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2001).
Buffat, P. & Borel, J. P. Size effect on melting temperature of gold particles. Phys. Rev. A 13, 2287–2298 (1976).
Chew, W. C. Waves and Fields in Inhomogeneous Media (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990).
Johnson, P. B. & Christy, R. W. Optical-constants of noble-metals. Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
The work presented here was partly supported through the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research program PHOTO/NANO grant no. 2001:0321/53. Funding for the SEMlab from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.
About this article
Cite this article
Eurenius, L., Hägglund, C., Olsson, E. et al. Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes. Nature Photon 2, 360–364 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2008.80
Universal description of heating-induced reshaping preference of core–shell bimetallic nanoparticles
ACS Nano (2019)
Scientific Reports (2019)
Applied Optics (2018)