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Where glaciers cut deep

Stunning images of fjords are familiar to geologists, but their origins are less well known. A simple model suggests that topographic steering of ice and erosion proportional to ice discharge are sufficient to explain fjord formation during the Quaternary period.

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Figure 1: Fjorded coastline on Meta Incognita Peninsula, Baffin Island.


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Kleman, J. Where glaciers cut deep. Nature Geosci 1, 343–344 (2008).

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