We identified a set of SNPs in the first intron of the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene on chromosome 16q12.2 that is consistently strongly associated with early-onset and severe obesity in both adults and children of European ancestry with an experiment-wise P value of 1.67 × 10−26 in 2,900 affected individuals and 5,100 controls. The at-risk haplotype yields a proportion of attributable risk of 22% for common obesity. We conclude that FTO contributes to human obesity and hence may be a target for subsequent functional analyses.
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The authors thank M. Deweirder and F. Allegaert for DNA preparation and D.-A. Tregouet for discussions on statistics. This study was supported by the ANR Diabomics grant from the French National Agency for Research. Work on the German replication data set was supported by grants from the DFG (KFO 152: “Atherobesity”, project KO 3512/1–1 (TP 1) to A.K. and 1264/10–1 (TP5) to W.K.) and from the EC (“PIONEER” integrated project grant to W.K.). The Leipzig Schoolchildren project was supported by unrestricted grants from Pfizer Pharma and Novo Nordisk (W.K.).
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
LD in the FTO gene. (PDF 63 kb)
FTO gene expression in human tissues. (PDF 83 kb)
Assessment of putative functionality of SNPs. (PDF 40 kb)
Genotype distribution and association tests under the general and additive models. (PDF 43 kb)
Genotype counts, Hardy Weinberg tests and failed genotype rate. (PDF 36 kb)
Effect size estimation and quantitative trait associations. (PDF 42 kb)
Description of study populations. (PDF 32 kb)
LD with potentially associated SNPs. (PDF 38 kb)
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Dina, C., Meyre, D., Gallina, S. et al. Variation in FTO contributes to childhood obesity and severe adult obesity. Nat Genet 39, 724–726 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/ng2048
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