TULP1 mutation in two extended Dominican kindreds with autosomal recessive Retinitis pigmentosa

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The RP14 autosomal recessive Retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) locus has been mapped to a 2cM region of chromosome 6p21.3 (refs 1–3). TULP1 (the gene encoding tubby-like protein 1) is a candidate target for the disease mutation because it maps to the RP14 minimum genetic region and because a mutation in the highly homologous mouse tub gene leads to obesity, deafness and early progressive retinal degeneration4–6. Here we report a splice-site mutation (IVS14+1, G→A) that is homozygous in all affected individuals (N = 33) and heterozygous in all obligate carriers (N = 50) from two RP14-1 inked kindreds. The mutation was not observed in 210 unrelated controls. The data indicate that impairment of TULP1 protein function is a rare cause of arRP and that the normal protein plays an essential role in the physiology of the retina.

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Correspondence to T. Conrad Gilliam.

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