Resilience management goes beyond risk management to address the complexities of large integrated systems and the uncertainty of future threats, especially those associated with climate change.
IPCC Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds Field, C. B. et al.) 582 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2012).
Levermann, A. Nature 506, 27–29 (2014).
Linkov, I. et al. Env. Sci. Tech. 47, 10108–10110 (2014).
National Research Council Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative (The National Academies Press, 2012).
Park, J., Seager, T. P., Rao, P. C. S., Convertino, M. & Linkov, I. Risk Analysis 33, 356–367 (2013).
Linkov, I. et al. Environ. Syst. Decisions 33, 471–476 (2013).
Roege, P. et al. Energy Policy (in the press).
Dauphiné, A. & Provitolo. D. Annales de Géographie 654, 115–125 (2007).
Lambert, J. H., Tsang, J. & Thekdi, S. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. J. Infrastr. Syst. 19, 384–394 (2013).
Bridges, T. et al. Coastal risk reduction and resilience (US Army Corps of Engineers, 2013).
Hollnagel, E. & Fujita, Y. Nuc. Eng. Tech. 45, 1–8 (2013).
World Commission on Environment and Development Our common future (Oxford Univ. Press, 1987).
This paper resulted from discussions at a workshop on the use of risk and resilience assessment methodologies in guiding policy development, held at the Embassy of Canada in Berlin, Germany on 4 February 2014. Partial financial support for the workshop was provided by grant W911NF-13-1-0168 to RNC Conseil, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Additional funding was provided by the German National Academy of Technology and Engineering (Acatech), the Helmholtz Association, the Embassy of Canada and the Society for Risk Analysis. Permission was granted by the USACE Chief of Engineers to publish this material. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the individual authors and not those of the US Army or other sponsor organizations.
About this article
Cite this article
Linkov, I., Bridges, T., Creutzig, F. et al. Changing the resilience paradigm. Nature Clim Change 4, 407–409 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2227
Risk Analysis (2021)
Journal of Mechanical Design (2021)
BMC Geriatrics (2021)
Reconstruction and revitalization in Fukushima a decade after the “triple disaster” struck: Striving for sustainability and a new future vision
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (2021)
Disaggregated validation of disaster-resilience indicators using household survey data: A case study of Hong Kong
Sustainable Cities and Society (2021)