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Multiple Myeloma, Gammopathies

Natural history of t(11;14) multiple myeloma


Translocation (11;14) on interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization in plasma cells is regarded as a standard risk prognostic marker in multiple myeloma based on studies conducted before introduction of current therapies. We identified 365 patients with t(11;14), and 730 matched controls:132 patients with non-(11;14) translocations and 598 patients with no chromosomal translocation. The median progression-free survival for the three groups were 23.0 (95% confidence interval (CI), 20.8–27.6), 19.0 (95% CI, 15.8–22.7) and 28.3 (95% CI, 25.7–30.6) months, respectively (P<0.01). The median overall survival (OS) for t(11;14), non-(11;14) translocation and no-translocation groups were 74.4 (95% CI, 64.8–89.3), 49.8 (95% CI, 40.0–60.6) and 103.6 (95% CI, 85.2–112.3) months, respectively (P<0.01). Excluding those with 17p abnormality, the median OS in the three groups were 81.7 (95% CI, 67.0–90.7), 58.2 (95% CI, 47.0–76.4) and 108.3 (95% CI, 92.4–140.1) months, respectively (P<0.01). The above relationship held true in patients with age <65 years, international staging system (ISS) I/II stage or those who received novel agent-based induction. Advanced age (hazard ratio (HR): 1.98), 17p abnormality (HR: 2.2) and ISS III stage (HR: 1.59) at diagnosis predicted reduced OS in patients with t(11;14). These results suggest that outcomes of t(11;14) MM are inferior to other standard risk patients.

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Author contributions

AL and MAM collected and analyzed the data, wrote the first draft and approved the final version of the manuscript; SVR, AD, MAG, FKB, MQL, DD, ALF, SRH, MAH, WIG, YLH, PK, NL, RSG, YL, TVK, JAL, SJR and SRZ performed patient management, revised the manuscript critically and approved the final version of the manuscript; RAK performed patients’ follow-up, revised the manuscript critically, and participated in final data analysis and approval of the final version of the manuscript; and SKK designed the study, analyzed the data, wrote the first draft, approved the final version of the manuscript and performed patient management.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to S K Kumar.

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Competing interests

AD received research funding from Celgene, Millennium, Pfizer and Janssen and travel grant from Pfizer. MAG received consulting fees from Millenium and honoraria from Celgene, Millenium, Onyx, Novartis, Smith Kline, Prothena, Ionis and Amgen. MQL received research funding from Celgene. PK received research funding from Takeda, Celgene and Amgen. SKK received consulting fees from Celgene, Millennium, Onyx, Janssen and BMS and research funding from Celgene, Millennium, Novartis, Onyx AbbVie, Janssen and BMS. The remaining authors declare no competing financial interest.

Additional information

Presented as oral presentation at the 16th International Myeloma Workshop, New Delhi, India, 3 March 2017 and as poster at the annual meeting of American Society of Clinical Oncology, Chicago, IL, USA, 5 June 2017.

Supplementary Information accompanies this paper on the Leukemia website

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Lakshman, A., Alhaj Moustafa, M., Rajkumar, S. et al. Natural history of t(11;14) multiple myeloma. Leukemia 32, 131–138 (2018).

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