Original Article | Published:

A pilot study of gene testing of genetic bone dysplasia using targeted next-generation sequencing

Journal of Human Genetics volume 60, pages 769776 (2015) | Download Citation

Abstract

Molecular diagnosis of genetic bone dysplasia is challenging for non-expert. A targeted next-generation sequencing technology was applied to identify the underlying molecular mechanism of bone dysplasia and evaluate the contribution of these genes to patients with bone dysplasia encountered in pediatric endocrinology. A group of unrelated patients (n=82), characterized by short stature, dysmorphology and X-ray abnormalities, of which mucopolysacharidoses, GM1 gangliosidosis, mucolipidosis type II/III and achondroplasia owing to FGFR3 G380R mutation had been excluded, were recruited in this study. Probes were designed to 61 genes selected according to the nosology and classification of genetic skeletal disorders of 2010 by Illumina’s online DesignStudio software. DNA was hybridized with probes and then a library was established following the standard Illumina protocols. Amplicon library was sequenced on a MiSeq sequencing system and the data were analyzed by MiSeq Reporter. Mutations of 13 different genes were found in 44 of the 82 patients (54%). Mutations of COL2A1 gene and PHEX gene were found in nine patients, respectively (9/44=20%), followed by COMP gene in 8 (18%), TRPV4 gene in 4 (9%), FBN1 gene in 4 (9%), COL1A1 gene in 3 (6%) and COL11A1, TRAPPC2, MATN3, ARSE, TRPS1, SMARCAL1, ENPP1 gene mutations in one patient each (2% each). In conclusion, mutations of COL2A1, PHEX and COMP gene are common for short stature due to bone dysplasia in outpatient clinics in pediatric endocrinology. Targeted next-generation sequencing is an efficient way to identify the underlying molecular mechanism of genetic bone dysplasia.

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Acknowledgements

This project is supported by NSFC (81071121, 81270936), Shanghai Rising-Star Program (12QH1401800), Major Program of Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology (11dz195030), National Key Technology R&D Program (2012BAI09B04).

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Affiliations

  1. Pediatric Endocrinology and Genetic Metabolism, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Institute for Pediatric Research, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

    • Huiwen Zhang
    • , Rui Yang
    • , Yu Wang
    • , Jun Ye
    • , Lianshu Han
    • , Wenjuan Qiu
    •  & Xuefan Gu

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The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Huiwen Zhang or Xuefan Gu.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/jhg.2015.112

Supplementary Information accompanies the paper on Journal of Human Genetics website (http://www.nature.com/jhg)

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