Hereditary coproporphyria (HCP) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by a deficiency of coproporphyrinogen oxidase (CPO). Only 11 mutations of the gene have been reported to date as the mutations responsible for HCP. We report here a novel mutation of the gene responsible for the disease in a Japanese family. Analysis of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified DNA fragments of the gene by direct-sequencing and/or cloning-based sequencing methods revealed the gene abnormality responsible for the disease. The mutation found was a single base deletion of T at nt position 526, which results in frame shift and truncation of coded protein at amino acid position 204. Screening of pre-symptomatic cases seemed to be possible by PCR restriction analysis using restriction enzyme Xcm I.
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DGGE analysis of the coproporphyrinogen oxidase gene: two new mutations in DNA from Danish patients with hereditary coproporphyria
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation (2000)