Differential inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation and migration by urokinase subdomains: amino-terminal fragment and kringle domain

Abstract

The serine protease urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is implicated in pericellular proteolysis in a variety of physiological and pathological processes including angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. The kringle domain of uPA (UK1) has proven to be an anti-angiogenic molecule with unknown mechanism and amino terminal fragment of uPA (u-ATF) with additional growth factor-like domain can be used for blocking interaction of uPA and uPA receptor. Here, we compared anti-angiogenic activities of these two molecules in vitro and in vivo. The recombinant u-ATF from E. coli and refolded in vitro was found to bind to uPAR with high affinity, whereas E. coli-derived UK1 showed no binding by Biacore analysis. In contrast to UK1 having potent inhibitory effect, u-ATF exhibited low inhibitory effect on bovine capillary endothelial cell growth (ED(50)>320 nM). Furthermore, u-ATF inhibition of VEGF-induced migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cell was far less sensitive (IC(50)= 600 nM) than those observed with UK1, and angiogenesis inhibition was marginal in chorioallantoic membrane. These results suggest that kringle domain alone is sufficient for potent anti- angiogenic activity and additional growth factor-like domain diverts this molecule in undergoing different mechanism such as inhibition of uPA/uPAR interaction rather than undergoing distinct anti- angiogenic mechanism driven by kringle domain.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kim, K., Hong, Y., Lee, Y. et al. Differential inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation and migration by urokinase subdomains: amino-terminal fragment and kringle domain. Exp Mol Med 35, 578–585 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/emm.2003.76

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Keywords

  • angiogenesis inhibitors
  • angiostatic proteins
  • cell migration inhibition
  • endothelial cells
  • urokinase-type plasminogen activator

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