Effects of Val34Leu and Val35Leu polymorphism on the enzyme activity of the coagulation factor XIII-A

Abstract

Change in fibrin stabilizing activity of factor XIII A subunit (FXIII-A) caused by a specific mutation, Val34Leu, is recently implicated to incidences of pathophysiology of thrombosis. In an effort to understand the effect of Val34Leu on enhanced catalytic role of FXIII-A, wild type human factor XIII A (HFXIII-A) and mutant HFXIII-A: HFXIII-A (V34L), HFXIII-A (V35L) and HFXIII-A (V34L/V35L) cDNA were expressed in E.coli system where the purified recombinant FXIII-A (rFXIII-A) showed a similar specific transglutaminase activity comparable to the human native FXIII-A from platelet. Using these rFXIII-A mutants, the activation kinetics by thrombin and the enzymatic properties of the activated rFXIII-A were characterized. rFXIII-A (V34L) and rFXIII-A (V34L/V35L) mutants were activated by thrombin much faster than those of wild type rFXIII-A and V35L variant. However, the activated rFXIII-A and mutants showed the identical catalytic efficiency as measured by in vitro assay. These results suggest that ready activation caused by a specific mutation of neighboring thrombin cleavage site(s) in the activation peptide of FXIII-A like V34L resulted in the real-time amount of the activated factor XIII-A that could influence the outcome of fibrin stabilization in vivo such as α2- plasmin inhibitor crosslinking to fibrin, a reaction known to be dependent on the initial concentration of active factor-XIII-A.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lee, I., Chung, S. & Lee, S. Effects of Val34Leu and Val35Leu polymorphism on the enzyme activity of the coagulation factor XIII-A. Exp Mol Med 34, 385–390 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1038/emm.2002.55

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Keywords

  • Factor XIII
  • Val34Leu
  • Val35Leu
  • catalytic efficiency
  • site-directed mutagensis

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